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如何在外汇市场上交易

差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别?

——纯手工插画每周更新

Do European stock markets reflect current lockdowns?

While all eyes are fixed (literally) on staying up all night to follow the political situation across the 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? pond, Europe continues to move in the wrong direction at a rapid pace in terms of Covid-19. With the virus now ‘running riot’, are equity markets pricing in the rising restrictive measures correctly?

There’s 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? intense focus on the next evolution of the Covid 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? situation in Europe and the potential crippling effect of new and prolonged national lockdowns on the growth outlook. Just when the reflation trade was gaining ground and consensus was looking forward to huge Biden-induced US stimulus, stock markets have instead been frightened. The German DAX finished October as one of the world’s worst performing equity markets, falling nearly 9.5%. Is there more downside to come?

Lockdown 2.0

In the 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? last few weeks, politicians across the bloc have started to tighten restrictions, keeping factories and construction open, 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? while closing more service-oriented companies. These latest measures could lead to higher unemployment and the permanent closure of 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? many businesses despite new government support, not to mention even more national debt.

That said, new lockdowns do not mean everything is closed with people more used to working from home and schools are staying open. This latter measure took a lot off GDP both directly and indirectly as parents had to take time off to look after children. But 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? with the autumn and winter arriving in the Northern 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? hemisphere, people are spending more time indoors which means the virus has better conditions to spread. Studies estimate transmission to be nearly 20 times greater indoors than outdoors, so despite the restrictions, the number of new cases rising further is highly likely. This has the potential to put health services under huge pressure once more as hospitalisations surge.

European engines under pressure

GDP is set to be hit once more by the new measures. Estimates suggest French GDP looks set to decline by 3-4% in the fourth quarter, while Germany’s ‘light’ lockdown should result in a drop of at least 0.5% quarter-on-quarter. Europe’s economic powerhouse has weathered the crisis relatively well to date in comparison with its European peers. In addition, China’s strong economic rebound should certainly help its export manufacturing sector which has outperformed the services industry.

Outlook well supported

Although some structural damage seems likely as second and third round effects begin to impact economies, a 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? positive US election result may lift European equities in the short-term. Further out, bulls are hoping a 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? deeper selloff is limited given the abundance of central 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? bank and government support at hand, which should place 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? a solid floor under markets. While a double-dip recession is increasingly being talked about, the hopes of a vaccine may also offset any prolonged selling as 差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别? markets look to the new year.

盈透证券CFD差价合约的妙用(原创)

也就是说,你的CFD要成交,是先要IB英国的反向对冲正股订单成交才行!那如此的话,买CFD就和买真的股票类似了。甚至,你能用这个影响市场,当然是反向的。比如在流动性比较差的股票,买个天量单CFD(你买涨股票),那么IB英国会在市场上卖一个天量单的正股,价格就会被你打压下去。所以,实际上,差价合约不适用于大户,甚至不适用于小流动性股票。当然小流动性股票也没有CFD。
当然,我们知道外国股票,是可以买涨,也可以卖空(买跌),CFD也拥有这样的功能。
最后,CFD就可以突破不到11万美元,顶多2倍杠杆的限制,因为CFD只要有流动性就可以买,他其实是个合约而已,而那个杠杆是虽然实际存在,但是没有写到纸面里面。而IB的2倍杠杆,只的是纸面杠杆。
IB只是作为一个平台,我们通过IB买卖CFD,实际上就是通过他的通道买卖了其他做市商(包括IB英国)的CFD。
交割、履约和公司行动 | Interactive Brokers
具体的公司行动对差价合约(CFD)产生的影响
在CFD底层证券有公司行动的情况下,经纪商通常会像对底层证券的持有人一样向差价合约持有人反映公司行动的经济影响,包括进行现金调整、头寸调整、新证券或差价合约交割,或者综合以上方式。如果公司行动较为复杂,导致经纪商无法做出精确调整,差价合约头寸可能会在除息日前被平仓。
这个平仓,就是经纪商提供的,也就是其他做市商终止这个差价合约。
股息怎么处理
比如我买入500元,保证金比例是5%的差价合约,那就是对应10000元。此时如果股息5%,就发500元股息。那么他除息就是除500。差价合约就会认定你扣除500。你的投资组合将会被扣除500的价值。也就是你投资组合的整体价值将降低500。
CFD也会收股息吗,照道理是会和股息税一样收的,也就是港股10%。客服已经确定了。
股息没有代收费,
IB的未到账股息是记录在应计股息上面,未到账也算你资产不降低投资组合价值,问客服CFD说也应该是应计股息上面,客服但是无法确定。
CFD价格问题。目前有CFD的都是流动性好的股票。买一价、卖一价都是最低差价。所以无法确定他的点差是否大。比如如果出现买一价3元,卖一价5元的情况,是否CFD买一价也会是3元,卖一价也会是5元。会不会出现这样子,无法确定。
CFD价值定价问题。根据IB说,他们在进行CFD价值计算的时候,如果成交价在买一卖一价格经常变动的情况出现,且买一卖一点差较大。则他们会根据某个算法综合考量定出一个CFD的价格,不过这个算法不公开。
但是收盘的时候,确定CFD的价格,用的是收盘价。
CFD费用
股票CFD佣金万5,也要交印花税
其他的期货CFD就只要万5和利息
CFD保证金交易,所以会收利息。
利息是=(合约价值-保证金)*利息
Interest and Financing
每个CFD利息不一样。
香港的是这么点1.5%
CFD列表
Product Listings - IBCFDs
官网上面的列表不全的。一般需要去IB软件进行搜索

在订单那边输入代码,然后回车。跳出上面的对话框,就可以点击 差价合约。
价格需要自己手动输入。
由于IB 的规则,他的股票期货外汇期权乱七八糟的都在一个账户里面,虽然方便我们操作,但是也少了风险隔离的问题。比如我现金100万,买了保证金比例10%的200万的差价合约。他在同一个投资组合账户,只要股票不断下跌,差价合约会不断下跌,直到你把爆仓为止。这个时候,一个是设定平仓顺序。第二,就是下一个反向的止损单。
比如买涨的合约,在10元买入,那我下一个买跌的合约,设定价格为6元,时间为GTC,长时间有效。

差价合约 (CFD) 和外汇保证金交易有何分别?
如上图,CFD的杠杆率,保证金比例,随着股票的不同而不同。
工商银行初始保证金比例=6125 /49500=12.3% 维持保证金比例=4900/49500=9.899%
重庆农村商业银行初始保证金比例=5971/47900=12.46% 维持保证金比例=4776/479000=9.97%
同样再看,相同的CFD,买入看涨,和买入看跌,同样杠杆率会有不同,通常是看跌保证金比例会大些。
通常极限状态可以做到8倍杠杆了。当然这是针对流动性好的股票。
问过IB:这个GTC,是每个季度有效。今天9月1日,我设定了,那么,他到12月31日为止。过了12月31日就失效了。
剩余流动性低于0。低于维持保证金要求。
之前是止损单,是跌倒某个价位,直接止损,止损下单按照市价来的。
现在这个是止损限价单。跌倒3.20。以3.20的价格来止损。限价的呃
当然,众所周知,IB可以一个人开N个账户,所以,完全可以开两个,一个主账户,一个小账户。小账户专门搞CFD,这样就能做到风险隔离,小账户爆仓也没事。当然专业级别的高手,可以开好多个账户,比如小账户1专门弄CFD,小账户2专门弄外汇期货,小账户3专门弄其他期货。IB内部转账秒到,内部转股票也秒到么。
最后,CFD这个功能并不是所有的人都开了的,你需要在IB账户管理页面申请那个功能,CFD的报价情况也同样如此。更详细的情况,请联系微信 13306750200 永嘉特级讲师黄一琛进行了解。

——纯手工插画每周更新

关于个股以及股指现货股息收益或支出的说明(7月12日-7月16日)

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